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Importance of Genetic Testing The body is quite complicated. The human body consists of countless cells which contain the basic unit of humanity’s identity commonly known as DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA consists of genes that determine the unique qualities found in every person. The genes also play an important role in the health of the people. In the modern medical world, genetic research plays an important role. These tests are carried out on tissue samples or the blood of the subject. There are a lot of reasons why genetic testing is now crucial. Below are some of these reasons. Probably the most frequent use of DNA testing is when conducting paternity tests. For one reason or another a person may need to confirm whether a child is theirs or they might not be sure about the identity of their parents. The DNA of children has many similarities with that of their parents. This is the reason why parents and children have a lot in common and resemble each other. Conducting a DNA test on the child and the parent can help confirm whether the child is their parent’s son or daughter. As a result of genetic testing many people have been able to find their long lost relatives. Data from DNA tests can also be used in legal battles like child support cases. Another importance of genetic tests is in detecting diseases which a person may be suffering from or at risk of suffering from. A lot of illnesses have roots in our genes. Some disorders are also passed down to children through genes from their parents. A mutation in a person’s genes can also lead to growth of a disease. Genetic tests helps detect anomalies inside the persons genes which will help prevent, detect and treat diseases.
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Physicians also use genetic testing when conducting tests on newborn and unborn babies. Despite the fact that there is a lot of controversy surrounding prenatal genetic tests, many physicians can agree it could really help in discovering and preventing illnesses that may affect children. This helps start treatment immediately the baby is born. Using newborn screening physicians are able to assess the risk of a particular disease in your child and identify health conditions that will probably be affected by genetics.
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DNA testing has also been used in the legal world when collecting and presenting evidence in court. DNA tests are ran on evidence collected in crime scenes such as blood and hair strands to find out the person who may have been involved. This has helped solve a lot of crimes by proving a suspect was at the crime scene. In addition, genetic tests have helped free people who may have been wrongfully convicted.